In this post, we’re taking a look at hydroponics vs organic farming to see which has the most potential for food production and land management.
Hydroponics vs Organic Farming
What is hydroponics? Hydroponics refers to the growing of plants in the absence of soil. The plants are grown in an inert medium such as gravel, rocks and are provided with a mix of primary, secondary, and micro-nutrients.
The need for soil and its micro-organics has been completely eliminated by hydroponic growers. Almost any type of crop can be grown hydroponically such as vegetables, fruits, and flowers.
What is organic farming? Organic farming involves growing and nurturing crops with the use of biological fertilizers that are derived from animal and plant waste, ecologically based pest controls and without the use of chemical-based fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms.
With the growing population of what they consume, the world has taken a turn bout on the importance of healthy living. They have also taken an interest in what they consume and intake in their bodies. The increasing number that has been heard debating on crop growing and food safety has never been this big.
The principle goal of organic farming is to ensure vital qualities and organic integrity at all stages of crop production (source).
Pros of hydroponics
The advantages of hydroponics include:
Efficient use of water – hydroponics is much more water-efficient in contrast to traditional growing methods. The growing of plants is in a more climate-controlled environment this allows the farmers to use the amount of water required for the plants without any waste.
The yields are higher – the plants are cultivated in a climate-controlled environment hence the farmers are not limited by adverse weather conditions which result in higher crop returns. Due to the controlled environment, the plants are not limited to a specific growing season.
Reduced labor – hard tasks such as tilling, cultivating are not needed for hydroponics.
With the use of fewer chemicals since plants are grown in a controlled environment, there is reduced pest pressure.
Pros of organic farming
Increase in health levels – organic farming has improved the health levels of a lot of people since the farmers avoid using chemical pesticides and other harmful substances. The end products will be healthier due to the reduction of harmful substances in the organic crops.
Soil pollution is avoided – due to the avoidance of chemical fertilizers and other harmful substances that will damage the soil in the long run the soil is protected and this results in higher yields. The refraining of chemical substances and the use of natural fertilizers will avoid the problem of soil pollution.
More viable – organic farming can be considered to be long lasting in contrast to traditional farming practices. This is due to less or even no use of chemical substances at all, the soil will be protected more long-lasting for farming purposes.
Increase in nutritional values – organic crops grow compared to conventional crops hence have more time to mature higher levels of nutrients that are beneficial to human health.
Key Difference Between Hydroponics And Organic Farming
Hydroponics refers to the growing of plants without soil. The crops are grown in an inert medium such as gravels. The crop receives its required nutrients from nutrient salts dissolved in the water. In contrast, organic farming refers to the cultivation of the soil. The crop receives its nutrients from the makeup of the medium its planted in.
The Bottom Line
So there you have it, in the hydroponics vs soil farming debate, both methods have their merits and much to be celebrated.